Conseils pour vos révisions!

Mis en avant

Vous trouverez sur ce site des conseils de plusieurs professeurs pour vos révisions!!

Good Luck!

Sprachcaffe

(Thank you Laure!! 🙂 )

 

Publicités

L’oral d’anglais approche…. quelques conseils!!

Mis en avant

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L’oral d’anglais approche et vous cherchez désespérément sur internet des conseils pour vous aider à vous préparer à cette épreuve? Ce n’est pas facile de savoir exactement ce qu’on vous demande puisqu’elle est abordée de façon différente selon l’établissement où vous la passez. Il est donc très important de demander à vos professeurs ce qu’ils attendent exactement de vous.

Tout au long des deux années de 1ère et Terminale vous avez étudié 3 ou 4 notions et le jour de l’épreuve vous aurez à tirer au sort une de ces notions. Dans certains lycées on a le droit d’enlever une notion pour laquelle on se sent moins à l’aise.

Une fois que vous avez tiré cette notion au sort vous avez 10 minutes pour préparer votre « exposé ».  Qu’est ce qu’on attend de vous exactement?

  1. Définir la notion
  2. Faire un lien entre la notion et ce que vous avez vu en classe
  3. Proposer une problématique et répondre à cette problématique en faisant référence aux documents vus en classe (pas obligatoirement tous les documents vus en cours et vous pouvez aussi en rajouter que vous avez trouvé vous-même!)
    On n’attend pas une description des documents mais plutôt que vous les utilisez pour répondre à votre problématique.
  4. Donner une conclusion où vous donnez votre avis sur le sujet et cela peut servir d’ouverture pour la conversation de la deuxième partie de l’épreuve.

Il est important de préparer cet exposé chez vous à l’avance mais en aucun cas on attend du « par coeur ». L’essentiel est de communiquer avec l’examinateur, de le convaincre, de l’intéresser (parce qu’il voit beaucoup de personnes en une journée!) et si vous le pouvez, l’épater! Il ne s’agit pas de présenter juste les documents mais de proposer une problématique intéressante et ensuite utiliser les documents pour répondre à cette problématique.

Si il faut apprendre des choses par coeur c’est plutôt des mots et expressions pour lier des différentes parties de votre présentation. Vous trouverez des exemples ici:

 

Dans la deuxième partie de l’épreuve n’hésitez pas à donner votre avis personnel et surtout si vous le pouvez faire référence à des films, séries ou livres que vous connaissez.

Finalement voici quelques expressions que vous pouvez utiliser:

1. Introducing the notion

  • I’d like to talk about the notion of progress
  • I’m going to deal with the notion of spaces and exchanges
  • I’d like to begin by giving a definition of….
  • First I will explain what I understand by……

2. Introducing your key question (problématique)

  • In order to illustrate this notion I will try to answer the question:
  • So I would like to try to answer the question why…..
  • We can ask ourselves why……..
  • Let’s take a look at why/how/ in what way/ to what extent…….

3. Presenting your plan and documents

  • My presentation is made up of two/three main parts
  • I will base my presentation on two main points
  • I would first like to concentrate on… and then I will move on to… and finally I will take a look at…..
  • I will begin with an insight into….. after I will take…… into consideration…. and to conclude I would like to talk about……
  • In order to illustrate this notion I have chosen 3 documents which we studied in class this year.
  • I would like to talk about several documents that we looked at this year ….
  • In addition to the documents we studied in class I would also like to talk about…..

4. Talking about a document/article/video

  • This document raises the point of…/ focuses on…/deals with
  • The main idea behind this article is that….
  • This article points out/underlines the fact that/stresses the fact that…..
  • The journalist draws our attention to the fact that….
  • The artist is trying to show how much…..
  • The author raises the problem of…….
  • He suggests that….
  • He tries to point out that…..
  • The narrator/author/writer approves of….
  • The author totally disagrees with the idea of….
  • The journalist disapproves of….
  • The illustrator is trying to warn us against….

5. Giving your opinion

  • In my opinion/from my point of view/as far as I am concerned…..
  • I really feel that….
  • I get the impression that…
  • I can’t help thinking that….
  • I have the feeling that….
  • I totally disagree with the fact that…
  • There is no doubt that…
  • It is impossible to deny that….
  •  I am convinced that……
  • I really find it hard to believe that….

6. Coming to a conclusion

  • To conclude I would like to say that
  • All in all I would like to point out that
  • To sum up I would like to say
  • By way of conclusion I would like to say that
  • In conclusion we can say that……
  • So to recap I’d like to finish/end/wind up by saying
  • Before I finish I’d finally like to say…
  • To put it in a nutshell (attention! cette expression est parfois un peu trop utilisée maintenant donc ça risque de moins impressionner les examinateurs!)

 

Surtout n’oubliez pas que l’examinateur va voir plusieurs élèves de suite et parfois plusieurs jours de suite. Si vous le pouvez, essayez d’être un peu original et ne faites pas simplement un copier-coller d’un texte que vous avez trouvé sur internet – de toute façon vous n’allez pas vous en rappeler! N’oubliez pas qu’il s’agit d’une conversation entre vous et l’examinateur et que pour l’intéresser il faut que vous aussi vous soyez intéressé par le sujet. Si vous faites des erreurs de temps/grammaire ne paniquez pas.. corrigez si vous le pouvez et passez à la suite. Sans parler en français! Et sinon si vous n’êtes pas sûr vous pouvez toujours utiliser une petite expression:

  • I’m not quite sure that this is how you say it in English but……
  • I hope I’m not wrong when I say that….
  • I’m not totally sure but I think that…
  • I hope I’m right in saying that….
  • I can’t quite remember how to say it in English
  • I have forgotten how to say…..
  • It has totally slipped my mind how to say….

Good luck!!! You can do it!! 🙂

PS: n’oubliez pas que tous les conseils ici sont gratuits! merci de bien vouloir désactiver votre bloqueur de publicité sur cette page pour que l’accès aux conseils et articles restent gratuit!

The Brexit : all you need to know!

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The UK has officially notified the European Union that it is leaving. So what exactly will happen now? Here are a few articles and links to help you understand the situation.

  • All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU : BBC News
  • No turning back now – Article 50 is triggered : BBC News
  • Eight key points you need to know about the Brexit: The Guardian
  • What does Brexit mean? What does Article 50 mean for the economy, immigration, the pound? : the Express
  • The power of the media (places and forms of power) What influence did the tabloids have on the Brexit campaign? : The Guardian 
  • What will happen to London after the Brexit? (places and forms of power) : Bloomberg

 

 

Vidéos pour illustrer les différentes notions

Link to a playlist of short videos from the website « storycorps » that could be used to illustrate the different notions, in particular myths and heroes.

Film trailers that could be used to illustrate the Idea of Progress or Places and Forms of Power

The power of money:

The idea of progress – how virtual reality can be used to help people relive their past

Black Friday – what is it and how did it get its name?

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The day After Thanksgiving (Friday) is known as Black Friday. This also is unofficially or officially start of holiday shopping season. Almost all stores come out with sales to attract consumers to their stores. People stand in line hours before store is opened, to grab the bargain of the year. Almost every store has something that interests every one. For bargain hunters, if there is a biggest festival in a year, that would be, no doubt, the Black Friday.

Black Friday rumours and the truth – BBC Newsbeat

What is Black Friday and where does it take place? Wikipedia explanation

The dangers of Black Friday and how it is becoming more consumerist – BBC Newsbeat

What is Black Friday?

 

How Black Friday is becoming more and more consumerist:

Happy Thanksgiving

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On the fourth Thursday of November, Americans celebrate Thanksgiving, a national holiday honoring the early settlers and their harvest feast known as the first Thanksgiving. Today Thanksgiving is a very important holiday in the USA, families get together around a traditional meal and give thanks. 

What are the origins of this holiday?

Native Americans

Long before settlers came to the East Coast of the United States, the area was inhabited by many Native American tribes. The area which is now known as southeastern Massachusetts and eastern Rhode Island was the home of the Wampanoag people for over 12,000 years . The native people knew the land well and fished, hunted, and harvested for thousands of generations.

The Settlers

A group of English Protestants wanted to break away from the Church of England. These ‘separatists’ initially moved to Holland and after 12 years of financial problems, they received funding from English merchants to sail across the Atlantic to settle in a ‘New World.’ The ship spent 66 days crossing the Atlantic Ocean, intending to land where New York City is now located. Due to the windy conditions, the group had to cut their trip short and settle at what is now called Cape Cod.

Settling and Exploring

As the Puritans prepared for winter, they gathered anything they could find, including Wampanoag supplies. One day, Squanto, a Wampagnoag who knew how to speak English, visited the settlers.  After several meetings, a formal agreement was made between the settlers and the native people and they joined together to protect each other from other tribes in March of 1621.

The Celebration

The first  harvest celebration took place between the Wampanoag natives and the English men, women and children. The meal consisted of deer, corn, shellfish, and roasted meat, far from today’s traditional Thanksgiving feast. They played ball games, sang, and danced. Although prayers and thanks were probably offered at the 1621 harvest gathering, the first recorded religious Thanksgiving Day in Plymouth happened two years later in 1623. On this occasion, the colonists gave thanks to God for rain after a two-month drought.

The Myths

Unlike the pictures we see, the settlers didn’t have silver buckles on their shoes. Nor did they wear somber, black clothing. Their clothes were actually bright and cheerful. Many portrayals of this harvest celebration also show the Native Americans wearing woven blankets on their shoulders and large, feathered headdresses, which is not true. The Englishmen didn’t even call themselves Pilgrims.

Here are a few links to videos about Thanksgiving:

– kids explain what Thanksgiving is about on Newsround

– President Obama makes his last turkey pardon with a lot of jokes!

– a cartoon about the story of Thanksgiving http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faUYJ9fMiGg

– a song by Nicole Westbrook about Thanksgiving (I didn’t say it was a good song!! but it’s very funny!) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSBq8geuJk0

– things you maybe didn’t know about Thanksgiving here: http://www.history.com/videos/bet-you-didnt-know-thanksgiving#bet-you-didnt-know-thanksgiving

– learn all about Thanksgiving Day (with vocabulary and text on screen) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uG4XyNqUQxg

– The American Thanksgiving story (with subtitles) : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-BQSOkkoDjc

Modern Day Thanksgiving Traditions

Today Thanksgiving has become an important family occasion. Many people live far from family members and travel long distances by car, train, or plane to be with their loved ones. Thanksgiving is the busiest travel day of the year!

Thanksgiving dinner almost always includes roast turkey, cranberry sauce, potatoes, pumpkin pie. Before the meal begins, families or friends usually pause to give thanks for their blessings, including the joy of being united for the occasion. Some families include breaking the turkey’s wishbone as part of their celebration. The wishbone is found attached to the breast meat in the turkey’s chest. After the meat has been removed and the wishbone has had a chance to become dry and brittle, two people each take one end of the bone, make a wish, and pull. Whoever ends up with the larger part of the bone gets their wish!

Each year at Thanksgiving, the President of the United States receives a gift of a live turkey . At a White House ceremony, the president traditionally « pardons » two National Thanksgiving Turkeys , allowing them to live the rest of their lives on a farm!  Or so they say!!!

Television also plays a part in Thanksgiving celebrations. Many families watch the New York City Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. The parade includes marching bands, floats, songs and performances from Broadway musicals, and giant helium-filled balloons!

Watch about it here:http://live.wsj.com/video/macy-thanksgiving-day-parade/5F923FFE-A2AF-408E-81D6-7D73D9F1FFA9.html#!5F923FFE-A2AF-408E-81D6-7D73D9F1FFA9

and learn about the history of the parade here: http://video.about.com/travelwithkids/History-of-the-Macy-s-Thanksgiving-Day-Parade-in-NYC.htm

 

The heroes of 9/11

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On the morning of 11 September 2001, 19 hijackers took control of four commercial passenger jets flying out of airports on the east coast of the United States.

Two of the aircraft were deliberately flown into the main two towers (the Twin Towers) of the World Trade Center in New York, with a third hitting the Pentagon in Virginia.

The fourth plane never reached its intended target, crashing in Pennsylvania. It is believed that the passengers and crew overpowered the hijackers and took control of the plane.

The Twin Towers were widely considered to be symbols of America’s power and influence. The Pentagon is the headquarters of the US Department of Defense.

Both 110-floor World Trade Center towers subsequently collapsed and substantial damage was caused to one wing of the Pentagon. Numerous other buildings at the World Trade Center site in lower Manhattan were destroyed or badly damaged.

The total loss of life on 9/11 was nearly 3,000, including the 19 hijackers. It was the worst loss of life due to a terrorist incident on US soil.

The days that followed saw a significant effect on world economic markets and international confidence.

 

Here are a few links to videos and articles about the events of 9/11 but also about the stories of the heroes we will never forget.

Various articles and videos of the events of 9/11 : History Channel

Stories of heroism : Business Insider

Heroism on 9/11 (video) : History Channel

Remembering the heroes: article

The lost hero of 9/11 : BBC radio programme  – excellent for listening practice (MYTHS AND HEROES)